CCS first developed "green" capabilities in 1985. In those early years,
we referred to our capabilities as "holistic chemical hazard assessments."
We began by compiling chemical hazards that included acute and chronic health,
flammability, reactivity/explosive, air-water-soil environmental effects,
and special hazards (corrosive, radioactive, water-reactive, oxidizer).
By 1993, when the term "environmentally preferable" was first defined
as having a "lesser or reduced effect in human health and environment"
in Executive Order 12873, Federal Acquisition, Recycling and Waste Prevention,
CCS realized our existing chemical database allowed us to do semi-quantitative
chemical comparisons and, thereby, rank the "environmental preferability"
of chemicals. By 2004, when the federal Joint Group on Environmental Attributes
first utilized the term "green" procurement, CCS had our "Green" Munitions Analytical
Compliance System (G-MACS) available on the Internet for more than a year.
CCS now has Web-based "green" analytical compliance systems for chemicals, products,
processes, munitions, life cycle (cradle-to-cradle), and chemicals of concern ranking.
All of these systems draw their data from our Relational Chemicals and Products Database
(R-CPD) and utilize 44 ecological, health and safety endpoint criteria
to quantitatively calculate the "green" grade.
Chemical data values for each endpoint criteria in each of
our "green" modules have been normalized on a scale of 0% (worst) to 100%
(best). Each system combines the normalized chemical data values for specified
constituents, weights them according to their constituent percentage, and
carries them to the subcategory and category (i.e., ecological, health, safety)
"green" scores, and then to the overall "green" grade for the chemical,
product, process, or the munition being evaluated. Each analysis is completed
within 5-20 seconds. Each of these modules also includes alternative chemical
data tables and at least 112 state, federal, international, and over 700
chemical regulatory lists.
The product, process, and munition modules each has design
and evaluation capabilities that enable chemists/engineers to design "greener"
products/processes up front; and acquisition, regulatory and
ecological/health/safety professionals to assess, or compare, the "greenness"
of the overall product/process (wastestream) to the level of detail they
require. Each of these modules simultaneously identifies the regulatory impact
of the overall product/process, parts or components, or individual
constituents. These tools enable regulatory agencies, or organizations higher
in the supply chain, to partner with industry, or organizations lower in the
supply chain, to establish objective and quantitative "green" standards, or
performance measures, for products and processes that can be incrementally
increased over time and applied fairly to both small and large companies. The
modules can also protect proprietary supplier information, but still provide
quantitative "green" assessments.